The port city of Surat is one of the most important areas of the state of Gujarat. A major industrial hub and a city with a high standard of living, Surat is one of the major cities of the country. The importance of the city grows with the fact that the flourishing diamond cutting and polishing industry in Surat is the best in the world. Apart from the industrial and business aspect, read more to get an overall idea about Surat.
The history of Surat dates back to the time of Mahabharata. The city has its mention in the epic and also in other ancient books. During the thirteenth century, Surat was also referred as Suryapur by the Brahmin Pundits. The prosperity of the modern Surat increased during the sixteenth century when the European traders started coming in. The port of Surat became extremely important and significant route for their trades. The Portuguese and the British fought with each other to establish their dominance on the port. The great emperor Shivaji attacked the city several times, which eventually went in the hands of the British. Surat took active participation in India’s freedom movement and went through severe socio-political turmoil for many years before the Indian Independence.
Surat has a global location of North Latitude of 21º15′ and East Longitude 72º52′. Situated on the bank of the Tapi River, Surat falls in South Gujarat. Surat is approachable from all corners of the country through air, railway and road transportation. The best time to visit Surat is between the months of October and March.
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Surat has a very pivotal location. Settled on the bank of River Tapi, it is just about 250 kms from Mumbai and Ahemedabad and falls on the main road from Mumbai to Ahemedabad. The western side of the district is the sea coast and otherwise it is surrounded by districts of Navasari, The Dangs, Narmada and Bharuch. On the eastern side it shares its borders with the state of Maharashtra.
Surat known as Silk City & Diamond City is located in western part of India in the state of Gujarat . Surat situated on the left bank of the Tapi River . Surat is second largest city in Gujarat and ninth largest in India. Surat is famous for its textile and diamond businesses. Three-quarters of the world’s diamonds are cut and polished in Surat.
Surat is known for its unique Surti culture. Surat has a large concentration of colleges under the Veer Narmad South Gujarat University. Tithal, beautiful sandy beach is just 100 kms from Surat.
|Surat at a glance|
|Area of Surat City||112.27 km²|
|Population of Surat||4,505,000|
|Temperature||Summer : Max 40 °C, Min 22 °C
Winter : Max 31 °C, Min 12 °C
|Best Season||October to March|
Surat Weather :
Weather of Surat is mild due to its nearness to the Arabian Sea with not much changes in the winter and summer temperature. Summer temperature ranges from 22 °C to 40 °C. Winter temperature ranges from 12 °C to 31 °C. Best time to visit surat is October to March.
How to Reach to Surat City :
Nearest airport from Surat is Vadodara. Surat is main junction on the Mumbai – Delhi – Ahmedabad broad gauge line. State transport buses and private luxury coaches connects various centres of Gujarat, Maharashtra , Madhya Pradesh , Delhi and Rajasthan.